Truck power inverters are an important part of any truck driver’s equipment. There are many things to be aware of when choosing a truck power inverter, and there is also the question of what you will plug into it. Some items require more amps than others, and some things can damage an HGV truck wiring if they are plugged in. In this article, we will discuss how to select the right inverter for your needs, as well as tips on how not to damage an HGV truck wiring when plugging devices into an installed power inverter!
Why Truck Drivers Need a Power Inverter?
Truck driving is a great career but when parked up for the night or on rest periods, Truck power inverters become a great accessory for the driver. A power inverter will allow truckers to use household appliances in their vehicle which can be very practical and also save them money.
Truck drivers these days are getting more switched on to service area prices, the cost of truck parking, food, and amenities. All of which can make truck driving very expensive and impractical.
Having a truck power inverter installed will allow truckers to have household luxuries inside their truck cab which makes parking in a lay-by much more comfortable and a more affordable option.
GIANDEL 24V TRUCK POWER INVERTER
This 24v truck power inverter is a beast! it will provide power for all your equipment in a truck, it has a massive 4000w pure sine wave 240v output which will run household appliances in your truck with ease.
Things To Consider Before Using a Truck Power Inverter?
When looking for a power inverter for your truck you need to know some important things.
Firstly it is important to know what appliance or appliances you want to use.
Power inverters differ in many ways input voltage, output voltage, wattage, sine waves modified or pure, input sockets, and connections.
Once you establish what appliance you want to use in your truck, it will be important to know the power consumption the item will need and the amps that it will require.
The reason that amps are important is it is necessary to know if you can plug the inverter into the 24v power socket built into the truck or if you need to wire the inverter to the truck’s batteries directly.
Most 24v sockets inside your truck will be rated at approximately 10 amps, with this in mind it would not be a good idea to plug a power inverter into this port if you are using it to supply a microwave oven and a TV at the same time. Even if your inverter is rated at 40 amps, the socket you have plugged it into will still be 10 amps and you would overload the truck’s 24v socket which will either blow the fuse or melt your wiring in the truck.
If you are using a truck power inverter for just one appliance such as your tv then the amps would be below 10 amp and you can plug it into your internal 24v truck socket on the dash.
Deciding What Wattage Is Required for a Truck Power Inverter
Most inverters these days have built-in protection and a display to show what amps you are using etc.
Many small inverters (450 watts and under) come with a cigarette lighter adapter and may be plugged into your vehicle’s lighter socket (although you will not be able to draw more than 150 to 200 watts from the cigarette lighter socket).
The small units also come with cables that can be clamped directly to a battery.
If you want a power inverter that will plug into your cigarette lighter, you must choose one that is 450 watts or less.
Larger inverters 500 watts and above should be hard-wired directly to a battery.
The cable size depends on the distance between battery and inverter and will be specified in the power inverter Manual.
When connecting the power inverter to your battery always use an over-current protection device, such as a fuse or circuit breaker, and use the thickest wire available, in the shortest length possible.
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Truck Power Inverters
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Types of Truck Power Inverters
Most power inverters for a truck will be either modified sine wave or pure sine wave, so let’s take a look at both options and see the difference between the two.
Pure Sine Wave Inverters
The name pure sine wave inverter is derived from the waveform of its output.
This pushes out the same power or replicates as closely to your regular home’s power socket.
Most electronic products are designed to be powered by mains, pure sine wave inverters are suitable for all applications, especially motorised devices where it is proven that pure sine wave power will lengthen the product’s lifetime and run much quieter and more efficient.
Pure sine wave inverters are generally more expensive than modified sine wave inverters they involve a much more sophisticated technology in order to simulate the smooth output of standard mains power.
This type of power inverter is best suited for delicate items that require an uninterrupted power supply such as a laptop, TV, or audio equipment. This type of inverter will obviously be able to power all items in your truck if it is the correct wattage and amperage. British Trucking would highly recommend a pure sine wave inverter for a truck if it is within your budget.
EDECOA Pure Sine Wave Power Inverter 24v to 240v
This is an example of a pure sine wave inverter that can be used in a truck it is capable of 2500w continuous power and has a peak power of 5000w
Modified Sine Wave Inverters
Modified sine wave inverters are named after their waveform output.
The output of the modified sine wave inverter cycles through positive, ground, and negative voltage to give a similar output waveform to the pure sine wave.
Modified sine wave inverters are generally cheaper than pure sine wave inverters as they don’t require the complicated technology needed to smooth and render the output waveform.
The only downside with a modified sine wave is that it introduces harmonic distortion to inductive and audio appliances.
Harmonic distortion is caused by the harsh clipping in the on and off phase changing in voltage.
Modified sine wave inverters are suitable for heat element devices (kettle, heater, etc) they can also be used with devices that have an external or built-in power adaptor (laptops, TVs, etc) as the adapter unlike a standard mains plug, will sort out any harsh clipping before it affects the end device.
Green Cell® Modified Sound Wave Power Inverter 24v to 230/240v
This is an example of a modified sine wave power inverter that has a continuous power output of 1000w and a peak power of 2000w.
Which Truck Inverter Should I Choose Modified Sine Wave or Pure Sine Wave?
The advantage of pure sine wave inverters is that the output voltage waveform is a pure sine wave with very low harmonic distortion and clean power like utility-supplied electricity.
Inductive loads like microwave ovens and AC motors run faster, quieter, cooler, and more efficient.
The pure sine wave inverter reduces audible and electrical noise in fans, fluorescent lights, audio amplifiers, TV, and games consoles.
A pure sine wave will prevent crashes in computers.
A Modified sine wave still works well for most devices and is the most common type of inverter because they are a cheaper option.
If you mostly want to power TV, kettle, heater, cooker, fridge, etc, a modified sine wave inverter is still suitable for your trucking needs, but be aware that the power it emits can fluctuate slightly.
How Many Watts Should My Truck Power Inverter Be?
Choosing the correct wattage for a power inverter will depend on the watts required by the appliance you want to power up. You can find its power consumption by referring to its Specification Plate or sticker on the appliance.
It is recommended that you purchase a larger power inverter than you think you’ll need with at least 10% to 20% more power than the largest output load of any appliances you want to use at the same time.
Eg: If You want to power a Truck Television, Kettle, and light.
TV: 300 Watts
Kettle: 400 Watts
2 x 40 Watt lights: 80 Watts
Total Needed: 780 Watts
For this example, you would minimally need a 780 W inverter, but it would be a good idea to get a larger one, as you may find you need to plug something else in at some time in the future, and wish you had purchased a bigger version.
What is meant by the terms “continuous 2000 watts” and “peak surge 4000 watts”? This is due to some appliances needing a larger amount of power when starting like maybe a power tool or fridge.
Once the appliance is started, the tool or appliance requires less power to continue to operate “continuous load”.
To Convert your appliance AMPS to WATTS
Multiply AMPS X 120 (AC voltage) = WATTS This provides a close approximation of the continuous load of the appliance.
To Calculate approximate Startup Load
Multiply WATTS X 2 = Starting Load This provides a close approximation of the starting load of the appliance, though some may require an even greater starting load.
Most often the start-up load of an appliance or power tool determines whether an inverter has the capability to power it.
For example, if you have a freezer with a continuous load of 4 amps and a start-up load of 12 amps:
4 amps x 120 volts = 480 watts continuous
12 amps x 120 volts = 1440 watts starting load
You would need an inverter with a peak surge rating greater than 1440 watts.
FORMULA to convert AC Watts to DC Amps:
AC Watts divided by 12 x 1.1 = DC Amps
(this is the size vehicle alternator you would need to keep up with a specific load; for example, to keep up with a continuous draw of 1000 watts, you would need a 91 amp alternator).
Truck Power Inverter Points to Remember
- know what appliance or appliances you want to use
- Don’t overload a 12/24v socket with more amps than it can handle
- purchase a larger wattage model than you think you’ll need
- Use a Pure sine wave inverter on more sensitive electrical equipment
- modified sine wave inverters are cheaper and will power most things you need
- Always read the specifications of your appliances to check watts and amps
- If you have 3 sockets in your cab you can use 3 inverters to spread the amps load
- Always read user manual of your inverter for guidance
Step Down Power Inverters
Step-down power inverters are very useful in your truck, not so long ago I changed from one vehicle to another plugged my dashcam into what looked like a 12V socket only to find it was pumping out 24V and subsequently blew up my dashcam!
A step-down power inverter will allow you to go from 24v to 12v by simply plugging it into a 24v socket in your truck.
This example plugs into a 24v socket and then provides two 12v output sockets, very handy if you are a truck driver that relies on 12v devices in your truck.
Frequently Asked Questions
The most reliable power inverters for trucks are pure sine wave inverters which provide a more reliable electrical current preventing damage to more sensitive equipment such as laptops and truck televisions.
British Trucking Top 5 Best Pure Sine Wave Power Inverters for trucks.
A microwave oven will draw a large amount of power to run efficiently, British Trucking recommends the wattage of a microwave oven should not be more than 700 watts in a truck. To run a 700 watt microwave oven it is advisable to use a 1500 watt or above pure sine wave power inverter, the inverter should be wired directly to the batteries of the truck and not through the 24v lighter socket, also when using a microwave oven it is a good idea to have the trucks engine running when the oven is operating to reduce drain on the batteries of the truck.
British Trucking recommends that a power inverter of 3000 watts or below is suitable for a HGV Truck.
Modern TV sets are a much lower wattage than older type televisions, a modern LCD TV will operate with a power inverter as low as 300 watts, it is always advisable to read the specifications of the TV you want to install in your truck before purchasing a dedicated power inverter. British Trucking recommends a pure sine wave inverter for a TV but they will work fine with a modified sine wave inverter if the TV is powered by a supplied power adaptor.
A truck power inverter converts DC power from the trucks batteries to AC power allowing you to power devices that are 240v in the UK and not 12 or 24 volt which are the standard power outputs built into a truck. Truck power inverters are available in different wattages, low wattage inverters will allow a truck driver to power smaller devices such as a laptop, or truck TV, larger truck power inverters will allow truck drivers to power larger items such as a fridge, Microwave or mini oven.
In Conclusion, to power 240v household appliances in a truck, a power inverter is required.
If powering multiple devices an inverter would need to be large enough to cope with the wattage of the combined appliances.
A pure sine wave inverter is best for delicate devices such as a laptop or television.
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